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Hindi

Basic Hindi

Are you interested in learning the third language spoken in the world, Hindi? Based on an estimate from 2008, 497 million people speak Hindi! During LEARN Games World Languages you will learn the basic concepts of this language, which is used by many in the Indian-Pakistani subcontinent and the neighboring countries. Hindi is the first official language of the Republic of India. The basic knowledge of Hindi can therefore be useful for anyone with an interest in the countries of South Asia or in the many South Asian communities around the world.

Background

The language belongs to the Indian group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European language family. Hindi is the written, literary variant of Hindustani that is used by the Hindus. It is written in the Devanagari alphabet that is also used for Sanskrit and has an originally Indian vocabulary.

Facts

  • The Hindi alphabet consists of 11 vowels and 33 consonants.
  • The Devanagari notation used for Hindi is derived from the ancient Brahmi and is closely related to other Indian spellings such as Gujarati and Bengali.
  • Hindi was originally a variant of Hindustani that was spoken in the area around New Delhi.
  • There are hundreds of Hindi dialects.
  • Hindi is enriched as a language by Persian, Turkish, Farsi, Arabic, Portuguese and English.
  • Nowadays Hindi is commonly spoken in South Asia (India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bhutan), South Africa, Mauritius, Trinidad, Fiji, Suriname and Guyana.

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